A Score that Really Matters: Your Credit Score
Before deciding on what terms they will offer you a loan (which they base on their risk), lenders want to know two things about you: your ability to repay the loan, and if you will pay it back. To assess your ability to pay back the loan, lenders assess your debt-to-income ratio. To assess your willingness to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. The FICO score ranges from 350 (very high risk) to 850 (low risk). We've written a lot more on FICO here.
Credit scores only assess the info contained in your credit reports. They never consider your income, savings, amount of down payment, or personal factors like sex race, nationality or marital status. Fair Isaac invented FICO specifically to exclude demographic factors like these. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to consider solely what was relevant to a borrower's willingness to pay back a loan.
Your current debt level, past late payments, length of your credit history, and a few other factors are considered. Your score results from both positive and negative items in your credit report. Late payments count against you, but a record of paying on time will raise it.
Your report should have at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This payment history ensures that there is enough information in your credit to assign an accurate score. Some borrowers don't have a long enough credit history to get a credit score. They should spend a little time building up a credit history before they apply.
At Foxfield Financial, we answer questions about Credit reports every day. Give us a call at 720-598-8300.