FICO - Your Credit Score
Because we live in an automated, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness comes down to one number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, etcetera.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your FICO score. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Since the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very hard to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you must have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your score, you have to know your score and ensure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: 720-598-8300.