You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans in order to build your FICO score.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following to build your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Since the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's very hard to change it quickly. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report; this is really the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must obtain your score and make certain that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: 720-598-8300.