You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Because our world is so computer-driven, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness boils down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, each agency uses the following to determine your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers probably find their FICO scores between 620 and 800.
Credit scores make a huge difference in interest rates
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Because the credit score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very hard to make a significant improvement in the number with quick fixes. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must get your score and make sure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call: 720-598-8300.