Before deciding on what terms they will offer you a mortgage loan (which they base on their risk), lenders want to know two things about you: whether you can repay the loan, and if you will pay it back. To understand whether you can repay, they assess your income and debt ratio. To assess your willingness to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (very high risk) to 850 (low risk). We've written a lot more about FICO here.
Credit scores only take into account the information contained in your credit reports. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. "Profiling" was as dirty a word when FICO scores were invented as it is today. Credit scoring was developed to assess willingness to repay the loan without considering other personal factors.
Past delinquencies, payment behavior, debt level, length of credit history, types of credit and number of credit inquiries are all considered in credit scoring. Your score is calculated from both the good and the bad in your credit history. Late payments lower your credit score, but establishing or reestablishing a good track record of making payments on time will raise your score.
For the agencies to calculate a credit score, you must have an active credit account with at least six months of payment history. This history ensures that there is enough information in your credit to generate an accurate score. Some folks don't have a long enough credit history to get a credit score. They may need to build up a credit history before they apply for a loan.
Foxfield Financial can answer your questions about credit reporting. Give us a call: 720-598-8300.